Stand Up For Somalia

A Blueprint for Temporary Political Dispensation in 2016

The current social turmoil and political dysfunction at the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and its
regional members stems from the absence of a genuine national reconciliation and systemic
constitutional inadequacies that hamper social and political development. The presidential form of
government which hinges upon clan sensitive power-sharing modality continues to impede effective
governance at all levels. As a consequence, the current government continues to fall short of achieving
its self-imposed six-pillar policy to prepare the nation for free and fair elections by August 2016. Even
though Somali leaders and international community officials involved in the Somali political process put
forth conflicting views on the way forward, most Somalis are resigned to the fact that it will continue to
be business as usual and that the unspoken process of balkanizing Somalia into clan-dominated states in
conflict with each other and deprived of national sovereignty will be achieved before the year 2020. This
process that Somalis follow without deep reflection of its dire consequences can be reversed if the

following changes occur:

I. Amend the constitution;
II. Institute parliamentary system of government;
III. Establish and elect ceremonial president;
IV. Select credible and competent government led by PM who is the head of government;
V. Limit 4.5 power-sharing formula at the parliamentary level and introduce merit-based
VI. Establish laws that strengthen federal institutions and relations with member states; and
VII. Train and equip national police and the military forces; and
VIII. Establish timeline to end AMISOM troop presence in the country.

Interestingly, an informal national conversation on the way forward produced some ideas on moving the
political process forward that include the following options:
A: Time extensions for parliament and other federal institutions. This option puts emphasis on
continuity and legitimacy of the parliament, but maintains status quo.
B: Political party proportional representation: this model rests on the development of limited national

political party system, where voters throughout the country independently select the party of their
choice. Unfortunately, the current political and social climate will not allow for independent
C: District based indirect elections: This proposed plan favors national elections based on pre-1990
electoral districts which are currently contested by clan based regional governments.
selections that are sensitive to gender and clan diversity at all levels of government;
Blueprint for Temporary Political Dispensation: Stand Up for Somalia Movement, September 5th, 2015
D: Regional governments as key stakeholders in the selection of MPs: This model gives clan based
regional governments the sole responsibility for the selection of MPs; and finally
E: Enhanced legitimacy- hybrid option, which posits federal member states, interim regional
governments, federal parliament, national election commission, political parties and traditional elders to
all play significant role in the political process. This model seems to require in addition to time,
legislative action in the parliament, political party formation action process and voter political maturity
to make it practical. We are years away from a practical implementation of this model.
With the exception of option A for example, all other proposed models require time for implementation
than is currently practicable. However, time extensions alone would not guarantee completion of
remaining political processes by those currently in office and experience tells us that very little will be
accomplished between now and the end of the extension period provided.

Four Year Provisional Government

The Stand Up for Somalia Model proposes the formation of a temporary parliamentary system of
governance, where the nation’s political power is vested with a functional and representative federal
parliament. Contrary to the prevailing view that the parliament is inept and is to blame for the political
ills of the nation, it can be improved and monitored with the right leadership to become the sole entity
that is representative of the Somali society. Such being the case, the parliament will select a ceremonial
president as head of state, as well as, select a prime minister (PM), who will be the sole head of the
government who is exclusively accountable to the parliament. The term of office for the provisional
government should be four years from 2016-2020.
The ceremonial president’s main duties include, serving as the nations’ head of state, promoter of social
and political cohesion and a national figure for safeguarding the federal constitution.
The PM on the other hand, is the head of government responsible for the selection of federal cabinet on
the basis of a balanced mix of meritocracy and clan diversity and to effectively implement the following

five crucial national tasks:

1. Improve national security: Establish law and order with a well-equipped and well-trained
national police and army and develop a clear exit strategy to gradually reduce and end the
presence of AMISOM forces in the country; Develop political as well as military solutions to end
the war on extremism;
2. Enhance good governance, establish anti-corruption laws and protect public interest with
integrity, competence and transparency at all levels of government;
3. Develop a system of justice and build institutional capacity to spur economic development by
enhancing capacity of national institutions and developing policies and programs to grow the
national economy;

4. Provide public and humanitarian services by establishing federal government liaison offices for
public service throughout the regional member states;
5. Enhance public understanding of citizenship and prepare the nation for a one man-one-vote
referendum by August 2020 through a benchmarked roadmap.
Blueprint for Temporary Political Dispensation: Stand Up for Somalia Movement, September 5th, 2015
Temporary Political Dispensation for 2016
1. No term extensions for all office holders. A new and improved parliament of 275 members will
be established; Current officeholders will keep the government running until the selection
process is completed for a duration of no more than 90 days.
2. Develop and convene a constituent assembly of 27,500 stakeholders representing 100
stakeholders per MP; Regional administrations will assist in the selection process in consultation
with clan elders, religious, civil society groups and the federal government thereby reducing
corruptive practices.

3. Select 275 member parliament using the 4.5 clan diversity formula requiring educational
qualifications of at least the completion of high school;
4. Parliament elects a speaker with a 2/3 majority;
5. The parliament will pass necessary legislation (parliamentary system instead of presidential)
amending the constitution within 60 days;
6. Parliament elects a ceremonial federal president within 75 days;
7. Parliament identifies national commission to recommend five of the most qualified candidates

for the PM based on merit and not from the same clan as the president or the speaker;
8. PM is selected with 2/3rd majority of parliament; or 50+ 1 (138 MPs) with the president and
speaker’s endorsement;
9. PM selects technocrat cabinet of no more than 18 on merit basis and with clan and gender
diversity within 30 days;
10. Cabinet is approved with 2/3 majority or 50+1 (138 MPs) with the president and speaker’s
11. Changes in cabinet exceeding 3 cabinet members during the term, requires full parliamentary
vote and endorsement.
Enhance Federal/State Relations
The Federal Parliament should pass legislation within 60 days tightening federal/state relations to
reduce conflicts/confusions that lead to unnecessary bickering and antagonism at the highest levels of
government. The following will help close existing gaps in federal law and rules of engagement between

federal government and member states:
1. Federal government should give space to regional administrations to manage internal social,
economic and political affairs in accordance to the federal charter;
2. Federal law should always supersede state law. However, where Federal law is absent, state
law prevails; There should be a delineated legal demarcation between federal and state
3. To reduce the mushrooming of presidencies in the country, the head of the member states
should be effectively named “premier” of regional government instead of president. The
nation should only have one federal ceremonial president and several regional premiers;
4. Political boundaries between federal states should only be for commercial and governmental
revenue collection purposes and for effective citizenry participation of regional affairs;
5. Ministry of Information and Education should be empowered to enhance national citizenship
curricula and programs that promote national narratives for social cohesion;
Blueprint for Temporary Political Dispensation: Stand Up for Somalia Movement, September 5th, 2015
6. The Upper House of the Somali parliament (Guurti) should be established to complete the
Federal Parliament formation process so as to advance national cohesion, reduce political
conflicts and harmonize the Somali society.
For inquires about this model, please contact Standup for Somalia Movement at or

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